Causes

The Plight and Causes

The Plight of Photophobics

There are over 40 million people in the U.S. that (for one medical reason or another) are very sensitive to light, and especially the brightness of the sun, and glare. The millions of migraine headache suffers are probably the largest single group of photophobic people in the U.S.A.. In addition, there are over 100 million photophobic people in the world today.

This large group, of unfortunate people, are reclusive as a result of hyper sensitivity to light, and especially the sun. They stay indoors, in the shadows, surrounded by darkness for good reason. They experience pain, nausea, severe headaches, eye and facial tension, and different degrees of sickness based on the circumstances. Their plight can be debilitating, which effects their ability to work, go to school, shop for necessities, and literally curtails their ability to function in normal, everyday life situations. Photophobia can be for a short period of time, or last a lifetime. 

Eye sensitive people have difficulty finding sunglasses that are dark enough, or work well enough to protect their eyes properly, or sufficiently. Ninety nine percent of all sunglass companies are primarily based, and focused on fashion or style. They have overlooked, and neglected these special people with such severe eye sensitivity that their lives are greatly impacted negatively on a daily basis. They cannot go to work, school, shopping, or most outdoor social events. They are subject to great pain, eye strain, facial tension, migraine headaches, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and some experience convulsions. There are over 351 causes of photophobia from migraine headaches, concussions, meningitis, eye surgery, head or eye trauma, to prescription drugs, alcohol, or even albinism. It is a huge list of most causes that is referenced below.

The presence and awareness of Photophobia is well known in the medical community, governmental agencies, and many other organizations. Unfortunately, there is no health organization, independent charities, foundations, or any other social group that is championing their needs, or their causes. Outside of the medical community, there is no one helping to co-ordinate, or find good solutions, that provide help, or relief to their lifestyle and the many issues facing them daily.  

Aside from their medical doctors, photophobia sufferers are left alone to fend for themselves as they navigate through this “unbearably bright world” we live in. They feel ostracized from much of society because they cannot function in the sunshine like others do, and they feel trapped to live in darkness as a consequence of their dilemma. It is very sad, and sometimes a very lonely existence to many photohobic people that are our neighbors.  

The good news is that there is help available for psychological, and social counseling as well as a host of other programs, and benefits to these special people. I am proposing a non-profit, charitable organizational to be established to facilitate the betterment of this group of people. We will gather help that is needed, and point the way to a more normal way of life.

We can act as a liaison between insurance companies, government agencies, charitable organizations, the medical community, and many other sources of help to these disabled neighbors of ours on a collective, centralized basis.

We can co-ordinate all the resources available to the individuals or special groups of photophobic patients into a centralized location to facilitate their different needs at one location, and direct the different patients to the proper help, and authorities.

Causes of Photophobia Listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Photophobia as a symptom include:
  • Achromatopsia 
  • Albinism 
  • Chediak-Higashi disease 
  • Congenital glaucoma 
  • Corneal abrasion 
  • Corneal foreign body 
  • Dendritic ulcer 
  • Dipivefrin 
  • Keratitis 
  • Meningism 
  • Meningoencephalitis 
  • Migraine 
  • Nephropathic early-onset cystinosis 
  • Recurrent corneal erosion 
  • Salzmann's nodular degeneration of cornea 
  • Tay-Sachs disease 
  • Uveitis 
  • Voriconazole 
  • X-linked cone-rod dystrophy

Conditions of Photophobia Listed in Disease Database:

The following list of conditions have 'Photophobia' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom. Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Photophobia.
A | B | C | D | E | F |G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | X

A

  • Absolute Glaucoma ... Photophobia
  • Acanthamoeba infection ... photophobia
  • Acanthamoeba infection of the eye ... photophobia
  • Acanthamoeba keratitis ... light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Achromatopsia 3 ... light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia incomplete, X-linked ... light sensitivity
  • Achromatopsia type 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Achromatopsia with Myopia ... light sensitivity
  • Acrodynia ... photophobia
  • Acute megacaryoblastic leukemia ... photophobia
  • Acute meningitis ... Photophobia
  • Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment ... photophobia
  • Acute retinal necrosis syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Adam and Eve poisoning ... photophobia
  • Adie syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Adies Syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Albinism ... photophobia
  • Albinism ocular late onset sensorineural deafness ... light sensitivity
  • Albinism, ocular, autosomal recessive ... light sensitivity
  • Allergic conjunctivitis ... light sensitivity
  • Alstrom disease ... light sensitivity
  • Alstrom syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Alström Syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 1 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 10 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 11 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis Congenita of Leber, type 12 ... light sensitivity
  • Amaurosis Congenita of Leber, type 13 ... light sensitivity
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 3 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 4 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 5 ... sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 6 ... light sensitivity, sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 7 ... light sensitivity, sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 8 ... light sensitivity, sensitivity to light
  • Amaurosis congenita of Leber, type 9 ... light sensitivity, sensitivity to light
  • American mountain fever ... sensitivity to light
  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage ... sensitivity to light
  • Angelucci's syndrome ... photophobia
  • Austrian syndrome ... sensitivity to light

B

  • Bacterial meningitis ... Photophobia
  • Baltic myoclonic epilepsy ... light sensitivity
  • Barbiturate abuse ... light sensitivity
  • Benign essential blepharospasm ... light sensitivity
  • Benzodiazepine abuse ... light sensitivity
  • Blepharitis ... light sensitivity (photophobia)
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 1 ... sensitivity to light
  • Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome, type 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Bortonneuse fever ... photophobia
  • Boston Ivy poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Botulism food poisoning ... sensitivity to light
  • Bradyopsia ... light sensitivity
  • Brain infection ... light sensitivity
  • Brill disease ... photophobia
  • Brill-Zinsser disease ... photophobia
  • Brown snake poisoning ... photophobia

C

  • Caladium poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • California encephalitis ... light sensitivity
  • Calla poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Cataracts ... sensitivity to light, days seem too bright
  • Caterpillar complication poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Century Plant poisoning ... photophobia
  • Charlin's syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Chediak-Higashi Syndrome ... light sensitivity, sensitivity to light
  • Chemical burn ... sensitivity to light
  • Chemical burn -- eyes ... sensitivity to light
  • Chemical meningitis ... Sensitivity to light
  • Chemical poisoning -- Captan ... light sensitivity
  • Chemical poisoning -- Di-n-Butyl Phthalate ... light sensitivity
  • Chemical poisoning -- Jet Fuel-5 ... light sensitivity
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosphine ... light sensitivity
  • Choroiditis ... light sensitivity
  • Classic migraine ... light sensitivity
  • Coats Disease ... sensitivity to light
  • Cockayne syndrome type 1 ... light sensitivity
  • Cockayne syndrome type 2 ... light sensitivity
  • Cockayne syndrome type 3 ... light sensitivity
  • Cocky Apple stinging caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Coloboma of iris ... light sensitivity
  • Coloboma uveal with cleft lip palate and mental retardation ... photophobia
  • Coloboma, cleft lip/palate and mental retardation syndrome ... photophobia
  • Colorado tick encephalitis ... sensitivity to light
  • Colorado tick fever ... light sensitivity
  • Common migraine ... light sensitivity
  • Common Woolly Bear moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Cone rod dystrophy -- amelogenesis imperfecta ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 1 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 10 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 11 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 12 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 13 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 3 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 5 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 6 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 7 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 8 ... sensitivity to light
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophy 9 ... sensitivity to light
  • Congenital herpes simplex ... sensitivity to light
  • Conjunctivitis ... light sensitivity
  • Cornea disorders ... Photophobia
  • Corneal abrasion ... light sensitivity
  • Corneal dystrophy -- ichthyosis -- microcephaly -- mental retardation ... photophobia
  • Corneal dystrophy, Fuchs' endothelial, 1 ... light sensitivity
  • Corneal dystrophy, Fuchs' endothelial, 2 ... light sensitivity
  • Corneodermatoosseous syndrome ... photophobia
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis ... photophobia
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Cystinosis ... photophobia
  • Cystinosis, ocular nonnephropathic ... photophobia
  • Cystoid Macular Edema ... light sensitivity
  • Cytomegalovirus retinitis ... photophobia

D

  • De Sanctis-Cacchione syndrome ... photophobia
  • Decreased lacrimation as in case of Sjogren's syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Dermatomyositis ... light sensitivity
  • Devil's Ivy poisoning ... photophobia
  • Diabetes-like blepharitis ... light sensitivity
  • Dieffenbachia poisoning ... photophobia

E

  • Ectrodactyly -- Ectodermal Dysplasia -- Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome, Type 1 ... light sensitivity
  • Ectrodactyly -- Ectodermal Dysplasia -- Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome, Type 3 ... light sensitivity
  • EEC syndrome ... photophobia
  • Encephalitis ... photophobia (abnormal light sensitivity)
  • Exertional headaches ... Photophobia
  • Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue ... light sensitivity
  • Eye foreign body ... light sensitivity
  • Eye Herpes ... light sensitivity

F

  • Fenton-Wilkinson-Toselano syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • FLOTCH syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Fresh Mangrove caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Friedel Heid Grosshans syndrome ... light sensitivity

G

  • Generalized Myasthenia Gravis ... light sensitivity
  • Gerlier disease ... light sensitivity
  • Glanders ... light sensitivity
  • Glaucoma ... difficulty adjusting to brightness, sensitivity to light
  • Glaucoma in phacomatoses ... Photophobia
  • Glaucoma, congenital ... light sensitivity
  • Golden club poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Gradenigo's syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Graft-versus-host disease ... Photophobia
  • Grapeleaf skeletonizer caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Graves Disease ... sensitivity to light
  • Green dragon poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Gypsy moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity

H

  • Hair defect photosensitivity mental retardation ... sensitivity to light
  • Hair defect with photosensitivity and mental retardation ... sensitivity to light
  • Hangover ... photophobia
  • Hanhart syndrome type IV ... sensitivity to light
  • Heerfordt syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Hemiplegic migraine, familial type 3 ... light sensitivity
  • Hemiplegic migraine, familial type 4 ... light sensitivity
  • Hemophilus influenzae B ... photophobia
  • Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Herpetic keratitis ... light sensitivity
  • HHV-6 encephalitis ... photophobia
  • Hickory tussock moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Hypotrichosis -- ichthyosis, congenital ... light sensitivity

I

  • Ichthyosis follicularis-atrichia-photophobia syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Ichthyosis with hypotrichosis, autosomal recessive ... photophobia
  • Ichthyosis, Keratosis Follicularis Spinulosa Decalvans ... sensitivity to light
  • Infantile Glaucoma ... Photophobia
  • Intraocular hemorrhage ... light sensitivity
  • Iridocorneal dysgenesis ... Photophobia
  • Iridocyclitis ... light sensitivity
  • Iridodialysis ... light sensitivity
  • Iritis ... photophobia
  • Italian arum poisoning ... light sensitivity

J

  • Judge-Misch-Wright syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis ... light sensitivity

K

  • Keratitis ... light sensitivity
  • Keratitis fugax hereditaria ... sensitivity to light
  • Keratitis, hereditary ... sensitivity to light
  • Keratoconus ... light sensitivity
  • Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans ... sensitivity to light
  • Keratosis follicularis Spinulosa Decalvans, Autosomal Dominant ... sensitivity to light
  • Keratosis follicularis Spinulosa Decalvans, X-Linked ... sensitivity to light
  • Keratosis palmoplantaris -- corneal dystrophy ... sensitivity to light
  • Kraemer syndrome ... sensitivity to light

L

  • Lantana poisoning ... photophobia
  • Late onset dominant cone dystrophy ... light sensitivity
  • Late onset dominant cone dystrophy with early blue cone involvement ... light sensitivity
  • Lattice corneal dystrophy type 1 ... photophobia
  • Lattice corneal dystrophy type 2 ... photophobia
  • Lattice corneal dystrophy type 3 ... photophobia
  • Leber congenital amaurosis, type 10 ... light sensitivity
  • Leber congenital amaurosis, type 11 ... light sensitivity
  • Leber congenital amaurosis, type 12 ... light sensitivity
  • Leber Congenital Amaurosis, type 13 ... light sensitivity
  • Leukonychia totalis -- trichilemmal cysts -- cilliary dystrophy ... light sensitivity
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis ... photophobia
  • Lysteria monocytoigeneses meningitis ... sensitivity to light

M

  • Macular dystrophy, corneal type 1 ... photophobia
  • Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy ... sensitivity to light
  • Measles ... light sensitivity
  • Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy ... light sensitivity
  • Melioidosis ... photophobia
  • Meninges cancer ... Photophobia
  • Meningitis ... photophobia
  • Meningococcal disease ... photophobia
  • Mental retardation, Buenos Aires type ... sensitivity to light
  • Mesquite Buck moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Mesquite stinger caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Microcephaly albinism digital anomalies syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with aura, susceptibility to, 9 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 1 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 10 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 11 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 2 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 3 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 4 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 5 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 6 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 7 ... light sensitivity
  • Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 8 ... light sensitivity
  • Mountain fever ... sensitivity to light
  • Mountain tick fever ... sensitivity to light
  • Moynahan syndrome III ... photophobia
  • Mucoepithelial dysplasia, Witkop type ... sensitivity to light
  • Multifocal choroiditis ... photophobia
  • Myoclonus progressive epilepsy of Unverricht and Lundborg ... light sensitivity

N

  • Neovascular glaucoma ... Photophobia
  • Neurological chronic fatigue syndrome ... sensitivity to light

O

  • Obal syndrome ... photophobia
  • Ocular Albinism type 1 ... sensitivity to light
  • Ocular albinism X-linked, recessive ... sensitivity to light
  • Ocular Myasthenia Gravis ... light sensitivity
  • Oculocutaneous tyrosinemia ... sensitivity to light
  • Oleander caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Open-angle glaucoma ... difficulty adjusting to brightness
  • Opitc atrophy and cataract, autosomal dominant ... photophobia
  • Optic atrophy 1 and deafness ... photophobia
  • Optic atrophy 2 ... photophobia
  • Optic atrophy 5 ... photophobia
  • Optic atrophy 6 ... light sensitivity, photophobia
  • Optic atrophy and cataract, autosomal dominant ... photophobia
  • Optic atrophy, autosomal dominant ... photophobia

P

  • Pale tussock moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Paming moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Panuveitis ... sensitivity to light
  • Pfiesteria piscicida poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Pfiesteria poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Pfiesteria shumwayae poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Plant poisoning -- Calcium oxalate crystals ... light sensitivity
  • Pneumococcal meningitis ... Photophobia
  • Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension ... light sensitivity
  • Primary glaucoma, congenital ... light sensitivity
  • Processionary tree caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Protoporphyria ... light sensitivity
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism ... sensitivity to light

R

  • Rabies ... light sensitivity
  • Randa's Eyed Silk moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Recrudescent typhus ... light sensitivity
  • Red skin pigment anomaly of New Guinea ... photophobia
  • Red Whelk poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Reiter’s syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Retinal degeneration ... light sensitivity
  • Retinohepatoendocrinologic syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Rhinosporidiosis ... sensitivity to light
  • Ricketttsialpox ... photophobia
  • River Blindness ... photophobia
  • Robinow Syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Rod Monochromacy 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Rod Monochromatism 2 ... sensitivity to light
  • Roundworm ... Photophobia

S

  • Satin moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Sea nettle sting ... light sensitivity
  • Sei whale poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Selected Encephalitides ... light sensitivity
  • Senter syndrome ... photophobia
  • Siemens syndrome ... sensitivity to light
  • Silver Spotted Tiger moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Spiny elm caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Stargardt Disease ... light sensitivity
  • Stargardt disease 1 ... light sensitivity
  • Stargardt disease 3 ... light sensitivity
  • Stargardt disease 4 ... light sensitivity
  • Steroid induced glaucoma ... Photophobia
  • Stinging Bark caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Stinging Nettle caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity
  • Stinging Rose caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity

T

  • Thyroid eye disease ... photophobia
  • Total colorblindness with Myopia ... light sensitivity
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis ... photophobia
  • Trichinosis ... light sensitivity

U

  • Unverricht-Lundborg disease ... light sensitivity
  • Unverricht-Lundborg syndrome ... light sensitivity
  • Urban Schosser Spohn syndrome ... Photophobia
  • Uveal diseases ... Photophobia
  • Uveal melanoma ... Photophobia
  • Uveitis ... Photophobia

V

  • Vaccinia keratitis ... light sensitivity
  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... photophobia
  • Viral meningitis ... photophobia
  • Vitamin B deficiency ... Photophobia
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome ... sensitivity to light

W

  • Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome ... Photophobia
  • West nile encephalitis ... Photophobia
  • West Nile fever ... Photophobia
  • Western equine encephalitis ... Photophobia
  • Western/Eastern/California encephalitis ... Photophobia
  • Whitaker syndrome ... Photophobia
  • White marked tussock moth caterpillar poisoning ... light sensitivity

X

  • Xeroderma pigmentosum ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 1 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 2 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 3 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 4 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 5 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 6 ... photophobia
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 7 ... photophobia
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